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Birth and Death Record Linkage

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Birth and Death Record Linkage: BACKGROUND

Birth and death record linkage is an analytical approach that aims to identify pregnancy-related deaths by linking records of births with those of reproductive-age female deaths. Deaths that can be linked to within a prescribed time-period of a birth (or recorded pregnancy) are deemed to be pregnancy-related deaths. These can be further investigated to determine whether they are maternal.

This approach has been applied with historical data by using parish records of baptisms and burials. It has also been used in settings with unique person identification systems such as Finland, and in settings such as the US with good vital registration. Brazil has also experimented with this approach using civil registration and it has been used in Demographic Surveillance System (DSS) sites such as Matlab, Bangladesh.

Advantages:

Limitations:

Other data requirements:

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A general manual on record linkage (aka data integration):

Statistics New Zealand Statistics New Zealand (2006) Data Integration Manual. Wellington: Crown Copyright.

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Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System. Progress Report 1997-1998. Maternal mortality and morbidity study. Ottawa: Public Health Agency of Canada.

Elsevier - American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Dye, TD; Gordon, H; Held, B; Tolliver, NJ; Holmes, AP (1992) Retrospective maternal mortality case ascertainment in West Virginia, 1985 to 1989. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology; 167(1): 72-6.

British Medical Journal Gissler, M; Hemminki, E; Lonnqvist, J (1996) Suicides after pregnancy in Finland, 1987-94: register linkage study. BMJ, 313: 1431-4.

Elsevier - American Journal of Preventive Medicine Jocums, S; Mitchel, EF Jr; Entman, SS; Piper, JM (1995) Monitoring maternal mortality using vital records linkage. American Journal of Preventive Medicine; 11(2): 75-8.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Misclassification of maternal deaths - Washington State. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; October 03, 1986, 35(39);621-3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Georgia, 1990-1992. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; February 10, 1995, 44(05);93-96. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

An historical example:

Population Studies - A Journal of Demography Hammel, EA; Gullickson, A (2004) Kinship structures and survival: Maternal mortality on the Croatian-Bosnian border 1750-1898. Population Studies-A Journal of Demography. 58(2): 145-59.

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Family Planning Perspectives

A review of record linkage focusing on infant mortality. Contains useful general information:

Cadernos de Saude Publica Machado, CJ (2004) A literature review of record linkage procedures focusing on infant health outcomes. Cadernos de Saúde Pública; 20(2): 362-71.

Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering Ahmed K. Elmagarmid, Panagiotis G. Ipeirotis, Vassilios S. Verykios (2007) Duplicate record detection: a survey. Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering; 19(1): 1-16

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Free probabilistic record linkage programme developed for Cancer Registries, yet helpful for general information. US Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for Cancer Registries

Australian National University Parallel Large Scale Techniques for High-Performance Record Linkage. Australian National University

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