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Active Death Reporting by Key Informants
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Key Informants

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Key Informants: BACKGROUND

Key informants are people within communities who may have access to detailed information about deaths or maternal deaths. Non-medical key informants may be particularly useful in settings where many maternal deaths occur outside health facilities. Key informants may be used in a range of studies, and are particularly common in non-probability samples in which they are targeted for their expertise or community access, and may lead to the identification of other key respondents. They may also be used in Reproductive Age Mortality Studies (RAMOS), Active surveillance of pregnancy-related and maternal deaths and Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths.

Key informants may include:

Key informants can either be interviewed on a one-off or periodic basis and asked to recall deaths or maternal deaths, or they can be used as part of active surveillance systems.

Accuracy may be improved if two networks of informants or two data sources are used with capture-recapture adjustment.

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Measurement requirements:

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Key Informants: REFERENCES

Center for Disease Control and Prevention Lisa M. Koonin, M.N., M.P.H. Hani K. Atrash, M.D., M.P.H. Roger W. Rochat, M.D. Jack C. Smith, M.S. Maternal Mortality Surveillance, United States, 1980-1985. MMWR December 01, 1988 / 37(SS-5);19-29

Oxford Journals - International Journal of Epidemiology Walker, GJA; McCaw-Binns, A; Ashley, DEC; Bernard, GW (1990) Identifying maternal deaths in developing countries: experience in Jamaica International Journal of Epidemiology.

Indian Journal of Medical Research Singh, P; Pandey, A; Aggarwal, A. (2007) House-to-house survey vs. snowball technique for capturing maternal deaths in India: A search for a cost-effective method. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 125: 550-6.

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Immpact Immpact website:

Immpact Immpact/Population Reference Bureau. Measuring maternal mortality: challenges, solutions and next steps. Washington DC: Population Reference Bureau. February 2007
Population Reference Bureau

Immpact Immpact/Population Reference Bureau. Delivering safer motherhood: sharing the evidence. Policy brief.
Washington DC: Population Reference Bureau. February 2007
Population Reference Bureau

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